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by Michael Frank, 2007
Smithsonian Museum of Natural History
Cliffside Teaching Assistant, 2007




AVERAGE AMERICAN FLINTNAPPER


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1 – ARCHEOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE

Aware of a few North American point types

of generic shape of end product only.


2 – KNOWLEDGE OF MODERN FLINTKNAPPING

Aware of a few modern knappers such as Bradley, Nunn, and Callahan.



3 – TOOLS

Copper billets

Copper pressure flakers

Rock saws

Grinding machines

Lever machines


CLIFFSIDE TRAINED KNAPPER


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Knowledge of two million some years of stone tool evolution world wide: hand-axes, blade cores and blades, choppers, flake cores and flake types, stone axes and adzes, microblades, Levallois, Neo-lithic tool technology, block-on-block, bipolar, and finally more recent point types through their correct preform stages according to their cultural background — as shown through the archeological record.

Aware of those experimental archeologists that rediscovered stone tool science, such as Crabtree, Sollberger, Bordes, Titmus, Tixier, Callahan, Bradley, Pelegrin, and others that went before them into legitimate flintknapping.


Soft stone hammers

Antler billets

Hardwood billets

Antler punches

Antler and copper-tipped pressure flakers

Ishi sticks with antler and wooden tips

Natural abrading stones